Monday, July 23, 2012

Deadline Looming

Abstract:  27 year-old woman with severe generalized contact dermatitis secondary to poison ivy, starting two weeks before her wedding.

HPI:   This 27 yo woman, whose wedding is August 4th, 2012, presented on July 19th with a one day history of a facial eruption.  She has a history of rhus allergy and had been at the beach collecting leaves for an architecture project a couple of days before the onset of symptoms.  At the time, she was wearing a bathing suit and a wrap-around towel.   The rash first appeared on her face and left lower abdomen.  She has a history of acne vulgaris which is quiescent now.  She was on prednisone 20 and 10 mg a day for a week, ~ 10 days before this episode.

O/E:  July 19th:  Marked erythema and induration on left forehead, cheek, chin.  Vesicles and small bullae scattered in the area;  A few erythematous streaky patches lsft hip.  Over the next few days, in spite of treatment the process progressed to involve abdomen, neck and fingers.  On July 23, there are new erythematous-bullous areas on the left lower abdomen and hip. (see photos).

Clinical Photos:  See below

July 19th:  Prednisone 20 mg b.i.d. (her weight is 54 kg).  Cool tap water compresses.  Hydroxizine 20 - 30 mg hs.
July 21:  Because of progression of dermatitis, prednisone increased to 50 mg per day in divided doses.  Dome Boro compresses 3 x per day, Silvadene cream because of some erosions at site of bullae.  Prednisone is causing her to feel anxious and panicky.  Lunesta 1 - 2 mg added for sleep. 
July 23:  I am surprised that new lesions continue to develop in spite of an adequate dose of prednisone (see photos).  Have added a "soak and smear" protocol for body lesions and desoximetasone cream bid for dermatitis on body and once daily for face.

Diagnosis: Severe Allergic Phyto-Contact Dermatitis secondary to rhus.  We saw this at onset and in spite of a reasonable dose of prednisone and cool compresses it has progressed.  Steroid dose was limited because of CNS symptoms and initially I was reluctant to use topical steroids due to her history of acne; but have just started desoximetasone cream on 7/23.  The timeline is important as she is getting married in 12 days.  It is odd that this has progressed after what is usually an adequate dose of prednisone, and I am worried that increasing the prednisone may cause more anxiety and insomnia. Most likely this is a severe anamnestic response to urushiol and she may indeed need a higher dose of prednisone or she may not be absorbing it.

1) How would you handle the facial erythema?

2) Topical corticosteroids as well as oral steroids can exacerbate acne.  Should we add a moderate to strong topical corticosteroid for a few days to suppress erythema?

3) She is anxious and has insomnia secondary to prednisone already.  I feel prednisoen is the key to improvement, but am reluctant to push the dose.  Your thoughts?

4) Is there a role for topical tacrolimus?

Your suggestions re: diagnosis and management will be appreciated.

July 19

July 20

July 21

July 22

July 23
New lesions 4 d p start prednisone

July 24
Real Improvement Noted Today

Pretty Much Better

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Nasal Tumor for Diagnosis

Presented by Henry Foong, Ipoh, Malaysia

Abstract: 45 yo man with one year history of a tumor on the nasal tip.

HPI: The patient is a 45 yr old man with a growth on the tip of nose for a year. It started as an asymptomatic papule last year and was shaved off by a GP.  He remained well till 3 months ago when it started to recur.  He had seen few doctors and the last doctor, a plastic surgeon decided to refer to a dermatologist. He lives in Teluk Intan about 100 km south from Ipoh. He is an excavator driver, does mainly outdoor work and has no family history of skin cancer.

O/E: Examination showed a firm non tender nodule 1.5 x 1.5 cm on the tip of the nose with a crateriform centre. Regional nodes were not enlarged.  

Clinical Photos:

Pathology: An incisional biopsy was done on the tumor. Biopsy done showed diffuse and nodular infiltration of lymphocytes in the reticular dermis and deeper layers, separated by variable amount of fibrocollagenous tissue. Admixed with the lymphocytes are few eosinophils and plasma cells. There is no epidermotropism. The epidermis is unremarkable. Mitotic figures are discernable.  

Immunohistochemical studies were performed on the tissues. The lymphoid population showed a polyclonal population of both T cell and B cell markers. A diffuse positivity of pan T markers CD 3 along with CD5 were noted. Patchy distribution of the B cell markers throughout is noticed for CD20, CD79a, PAX5 and MUM 1. Ki67 shows a proliferation index of 30-40% in the entire population.

Diagnosis (Tentative): Lymphocytoma Cutis

Questions:  Is the immunohistochemistry supportive of lymphocytoma cutis (cutaneous B-cell pseudolymphoma)  or cutaneous lymphoma? Will excision of the tumor help? If surgery is not contemplated, what would be recommmended treatment?

Sunday, July 01, 2012

Nail Dystrophy in a Nurse

A colleague requested our opinion regarding a woman who contacted him, but has not seen.  Here are her words and photos.
" I am a 61 yo palliative care nurse who has had a nail dystrophy for around 14 months. There is no pain or discomfort. I take no meds by mouth and am in good general health. Every 2 weeks I get a professional manicure and have never had acrylic, gel or silk.  I tried "formaldehyde free" products for a while, as well as Biotin 5000mcg daily and noted no improvement.  As part of my job, I visit patients in their homes and wash my hands before & after each visit. Rarely do I have the need to wear gloves.  Your suggestions will be welcome."

Questions at this time:
1) Are all nails involved (including toe-nails)?
2) Has a dermatologist been consulted and have KOH prep and/or fungal culture been done?