Tuesday, January 05, 2010

Pityrosporon Folliculitis

Abstract: 32 yo woman with 4 day history of folliculitis chest and back
HPI: This 32 year-0ld woman has had a folliculitis for 3 - 4 days. She has a history of ulcerative colitis and had been on prednisone for a few weeks and the dosage was recently increased. She is also on Apriso and Cipro.
O/E: This is a healthy-appearing woman with scores of erythematous papules admixed with a few pustules on upper chest and back. No other findings.
Clinical Photos:

Steroid acne vs. Pityrosporon folliculitis.

Biopsy: There are dilated follicles with basophilic debris and numerous PAS positive spores (no hyphae). This is P. folliculitis.

Discussion: She was treated with ketoconazole 200 mg daily for a month. Will put a f/u after she is seen back. Although it seems obvious that the prednisone played a role, there is scant support for this in the literature. We will have to see how the patient does with treatment and whether she suffers recurrences.

Lévy A, Feuilhade de Chauvin M, Dubertret L, Morel P, Flageul B. [Malassezia folliculitis: characteristics and therapeutic response in 26 patients] Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2007 Nov;134(11):823-8.

[Article in French]

Service de Dermatologie I, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris.

BACKGROUND: Malassezia folliculitis is most often described in patients living in hot and humid countries or in immunocompromised patients. Its frequency in France is unknown. We report 26 cases diagnosed at Saint-Louis Hospital between May 2002 and April 2004. The clinical features, the contributing factors, the results of direct mycological examination and/or histology and the efficacy of antifungal treatments were compared to the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The inclusion criteria were the presence of folliculitis on the trunk confirmed by direct microscopy and/or histopathology showing abundant yeast cells in the follicles. RESULTS: Patients comprised 22 men and 4 women (M/F sex ratio: 5: 5) with a mean age of 46 years. Five patients (19%) were immunocompromised. In normal patients, the duration of folliculitis was long with a mean of 61 months. The eruption was typical, with follicular papules and superficial pustules distributed predominantly on the trunk. Itching was frequent (70%). Direct microscopy was more often positive than histology (89% vs 33%). Some sixty-five percent of the patients had been previously treated by topical or systemic antibiotics or anti-acne drugs, which was ineffective in all cases. Cure with topical ketoconazole, oral ketoconazole alone or in combination with topical ketoconazole occurred respectively in 12%, 75% and 75% of patients, but with consistent recurrence within 3 to 4 months after cessation of treatment. DISCUSSION: Malassezia folliculitis is probably misdiagnosed, as suggested by the long time between onset and diagnosis and the high frequency of non-antifungal treatments prescribed. In our study, direct mycological examination provided more effective diagnosis than histology. Treatment is difficult especially because of the high frequency of relapses. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of Malassezia folliculitis should be considered in young adults or immunocompromised patients with an itching follicular eruption. Further therapeutic trials are needed due to the frequency of relapse.

1 comment:

  1. I have just been 2 days ago the chairman of examination committie for dermatology board thesis etitled pityrosporum folliculitis versus acne vulgaris in Basra,south of Iraq where the weather is hot and humid.The condition is common and has many charactersitic features:
    1-It is mainly induced by antibiotics intake
    2-The follicular papules and pustules are centrally located on the back
    3- The rash is itchy
    4-KOH smear from rash showed plenty
    of yeast spores
    5-The rash respond quickly to oral and topical antifungallike fluconazole
    These findings are similar to results of Levy etal study

    khalifa sharquie


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